This study used a modified version of the Conflict Tactic Scale (Straus, 1990) to measure the expression of verbal and physical aggression among 572 college students (395 females and 177 males) involved in dating relationships over the previous year.Results indicated that 82% ( = 116) admitted to acting in a physically aggressive manner over the same interval.
For male students, having witnessed conjugal violence and their general drinking patterns were also significantly related to their using physical force, whereas for females, the use of physical force was associated with drinking alcohol within 3 hours of an argument with a dating partner.
Most (57.1%) students were female, and 58.7% were white, 16.4% black, and 15.1% Asian.
The majority of rape and sexual assault victims reported being victimized by someone they knew.
The 2016 BJS study also found that in the 2014-2015 academic year, an average of 6.4% of college women across the nine participating schools reported being victims of intimate partner violence.
Of 910 participants, 407 (44.7%) experienced partner or nonpartner violence: 383 (42.1%) reported victimization and 156 (17.1%) reported perpetration.
All victimization and perpetration rates were highest before college.
In a 2016 study released by the Bureau of Justice Statistics (BJS), an average of approximately 21% of undergraduate women across the nine schools participating in the study reported experiencing sexual assault since entering college.
Non-heterosexual college females reported significantly higher rates than their heterosexual female peers. “Self-rated health in relation to rape and mental health disorders in a national sample of college women.” Journal of American College Health, 59(7), 588-594.
In a campus environment, students who are victimized by other students face unique challenges, such as close proximity to perpetrators and difficulty maintaining anonymity.
The majority of rape incidents of college students are unreported by victims – in the 2016 BJS study, only 7% reported the incident to a school official.
According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, nearly 50% of women report experiencing their first incident of intimate partner violence between 18 and 24 years of age.